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John Sandford Fleming MacLean, Jr.

Arms: Quarterly, 1st, Argent, a rock Gules, 2nd Or, a dexter hand fesswise couped Gules holding a cross crosslet fitchee in pale Azure, 3rd Or, on sea undy Azure and Argent a lymphad sails furled oars in saltire Sable flagged Gules, 4th Argent, in chief two eagles' heads respectant erased Gules beaked and eyed Azure, in base a salmon naiant Proper, overall a cross raguly Sable charged at the centre with a maple leaf and in chief and in base with two fleurs de lys Or and in the flanks with two salmon naiant Argent, a bordure indented Vert.

Crest: a beaver sejant erect holding in its dexter paw a Lochaber axe Proper


Matriculated: Grant and subsequent Matriculation February, 2005.

The original grant of arms was made to my great-great-grandfather Donald McLean, who was born on the Ross of Mull in 1786. He emigrated to Canada in 1829, settling with his wife Janet McCallum in Lochaber Township, Quebec. They were the second white family to settle in that part of Quebec. I �come off� of their seventh son, also Donald McLean, hence the green bordure. My father, The Rev�d Father John Sandford Fleming MacLean, Petitioned the Court of the Lord Lyon for a memorial grant to Donald senior, with a matriculation in his own name.

Donald Junior�s fourth son (indented bordure) was William Archibald MacLean, who was my great-grandfather. His second son was my grandfather, Angus Donald MacLean. My father is his eldest son. Lord Lyon saw fit not to add any further difference for Angus as the second son, for his elder brother Charles Stuart MacLean left no issue beyond his daughter. I, as the eldest son, use my father�s arms with the three point label.

The grant is very �West Highland� in style, as would be natural for one of the Clan Gillean. From the arms of our Chief, Sir Lachlan Maclean of Duart and Morvern, Bt., our grant contains the red rock, the red hand and blue cross-crosslet fitchee, the lymphad, eagles� heads, and salmon.

To difference our grant from the Chief�s as that of an indeterminate cadet, Lord Lyon was pleased to change the colour of the second quarter from Argent to Or; place the lymphad on a sea undy; and give the eagles� heads in the fourth quarter beaks and eyes Azure. This latter difference may be found in a grant to a Makelen from the Seton Armorial.

The addition of the cross raguly Sable overall not only is an allusion to my father�s Priesthood, but also to the lumber industry in which so many of my MacLean ancestors were engaged. The addition of the two fleurs de lys recognizes that Donald McLean emigrated to Quebec, as well as a nod to the later move by William Archibald MacLean to Louisville, Kentucky. They also represent my father�s devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary. The maple leaf is an obvious reference to Canada. The salmon have great importance to MacLeans and many others of the West Highlands, as well as being a noble gamefish for which we have spent many, many hours wetting a fly in Quebec and New Brunswick!

Lord Lyon granted as a crest to Donald McLean, �a Lochaber axe erect in pale between a branch of laurel and a branch of cypress all Proper.� This crest is used by many MacLeans, and we thought it best, as did Lord Lyon, that the grant to Donald should include this, as in the future other cousins may come forward to matriculate and prefer the distinctly clan-oriented crest. My father chose the beaver crest for several reasons. His great-grandfather Sir Sandford Fleming, KCMG, designed Canada�s first postage stamp in 1851, the �Three Penny Beaver.� Sir Sandford was a leading advocate to have the beaver declared as Canada�s �national beast.� The beaver also forms the crest for the Canadian Pacific Railway, of which Sir Sandford was not only a Director, but more importantly Chief Engineer during the construction of the transcontinental railway.

We had asked Lord Lyon to grant two mottos, but he declined to do so. Instead he suggested in the grant to Donald McLean the motto �Honestas altera merces,� in answer to the MacLean mottos of �Altera merces� and �Virtue mine honour.� Lord Lyon then suggested that in my father�s matriculation he take the motto �Seek honour by doing good.� HSS Member The Rev�d Denis Towner came up with this paraphrase of St. Paul the Apostle�s words in his Epistle to the Romans 2:7 : �To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and immortality, eternal life.� Not only is this appropriate for an Anglican priest, it again answers the Chief�s motto.

Arms painted by Gordon Macpherson
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